Live Green

Resource Newsletter - Summer 2019-2020

Issue link:

Contents of this Issue


Page 2 of 3

Summer and winter active grasses, what are you growing? When managing your pasture and stocking rates, it is useful to understand how different pasture species grow. Pasture grasses can be divided into two main groups; winter active (also known as C3) and summer active (known as C4). Winter active C3 grasses are best adapted to utilising moisture in the cooler months, typically dominating pasture that is shaded, wetter or that faces a southerly aspect. Winter active grasses are useful as they are more likely to be frost and shade tolerant while producing higher quality feed. However, these species also require more rainfall and tend to produce less bulk. Examples of these grasses include wallaby grass, wheat grass, weeping grass and winter cereals. Summer active C4 grasses are best adapted to utilising summer rainfall and grow during the hotter months. These species will often be found in pasture that is exposed to full sun, are dryer or that face a northerly aspect. Although these species are better adapted to the hot and dry, they are often more frost sensitive and produce lower quality feed. Examples of these grasses include kangaroo grass, red-leg grass, windmill grass and sorghum. As both these groups have advantages and disadvantages, many landholders opt to maintain a mixture of both these groups so that there is active growth throughout the year and in different areas of their property. If you have questions about pasture management, you can contact the Rural Environment Officer on 9205 2200 or RE-SOURCE I SUMMER 2019–2020 3 ABOVE: Kangaroo Grass is a summer active C4 grass. Small Grant reminder The Conserving our Rural Environment (CoRE) Small grant, provides support to landowners to continue managing their land sustainably. This grant is provided as a $300 reimbursement by cheque following submission and approval of an application form. Landowners with property larger than 0.4 hectares that is zoned: Green Wedge, Green Wedge A, Rural Living and Farming are eligible to apply. Please note if you receive the Agricultural Land Use Rebate you are unable to apply. The 2019-20 Small grant round is open until 31 March 2020. If you would like to request an application form or find out if you are eligible, please contact Council's Biodiversity Project Officer on 9205 2200 or email Are you fire ready? Now is a good time to prepare for potential fire risks. Use the points below as a guide: ■ Prepare your property by trimming grass, removing leaf litter from roof areas, cutting back branches and removing any flammable items from near the dwelling. Visit the CFA website ( for more information. ■ Prepare a written fire plan and ensure your family knows it. Make sure the plan includes any pets or livestock. ■ Ensure your property is insured, including the cost of removing debris and replacing fencing and outbuildings. ■ Ensure there is adequate space for fire trucks to enter your property. Trucks require a space that is three metres tall, three metres wide, and eight metres long, and require room to turn. ■ Make sure water tanks are fitted with CFA-compliant fittings. ■ Identify family, friends and neighbours who need help in preparing to leave early. ■ Keep important documents, photos and medications stored somewhere safe or offsite. ■ Keep an eye out for suspicious or reckless activity and report it by calling 000 or Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000. Download the VicEmergency app on your phone check warnings online at For more information, visit

Articles in this issue

Links on this page

view archives of Live Green - Resource Newsletter - Summer 2019-2020